Xi Jinping secured a precedent-breaking third term as president of China on Friday during a parliamentary session in which he tightened his control of the world’s second-largest economy as it emerges from a COVID slump and diplomatic challenges mount.
Nearly 3,000 members of China’s rubber-stamp parliament, the National People’s Congress (NPC), voted unanimously in the Great Hall of the People for the 69-year-old Xi in an election in which there was no other candidate.
Xi has taken China on a more authoritarian path since assuming control a decade ago, and he extends his tenure for another five-year term amid increasingly adversarial relations with the U.S. and its allies over Taiwan, Beijing’s backing of Russia, trade, and human rights.
Domestically, China faces a challenging recovery from three years of Xi‘s zero-COVID policy, fragile confidence among consumers and businesses, and weak demand for China’s exports.
The economy grew just 3% last year, among its worst performances in decades. During the parliament session, the government set a modest growth target for this year of just around 5%.
“In his third term, Xi will need to focus on economic revival,” said Willy Lam, a senior fellow at the Jamestown Foundation, a U.S. think tank.
“But if he continues with what he has been doing — tighter party and state control over the private sector and confrontation with the West, his prospects for success won’t be encouraging.”
Russian President Vladimir Putin was among the first foreign leaders to congratulate Xi on his third term. The two sealed a “no limits” partnership between China and Russia in February last year, days before Russia launched its invasion of Ukraine.
Xi set the stage for another term when he did away with presidential term limits in 2018, and has become China’s most powerful leader since Mao Zedong, who founded the People’s Republic.
The presidency is largely ceremonial, and Xi‘s main position of power was extended last October when he was reconfirmed for five more years as general secretary of the central committee of the Communist Party.
In Washington, U.S. President Joe Biden remained focused on managing strategic competition with China, White House spokesman John Kirby said. “Mr. Xi‘s third term is certainly coming as no surprise to anyone here. That was all highly expected,” Kirby said.
NEW LEADERSHIP SLATE
During Friday’s voting, Xi chatted with premier-in-waiting Li Qiang, who is poised to be confirmed on Saturday to China’s second-highest post, a role that puts the former Shanghai party chief and Xi ally in charge of the economy.
Other Xi-approved officials are due to be elected or appointed to government posts during this weekend, including vice premiers, a central bank governor, and numerous other ministers and department heads.
The annual parliamentary session, the first since China dropped three years of COVID restrictions, will end on Monday when Xi will give a speech that will be followed by a media question-and-answer session by Li.
During Friday’s session, Xi and dozens of other top leaders on the stage did not wear masks but everyone else in the auditorium did.
China ended its zero-COVID policy in December after highly unusual nationwide protests against the curbs that stifled daily life and the economy.
The virus, which emerged in China in late 2019, then spread rapidly to infect most of its 1.4 billion people but authorities have not released a full tally of related deaths.
The parliament on Friday also elected Zhao Leji, 66, as parliament chair and Han Zheng, 68, as vice president. Both men were from Xi‘s previous team of party leaders at the Politburo Standing Committee.
Copyright 2023 Thomson/Reuters